(1) Autopsy rates were the highest for fetal and pediatric deaths, and the lowest for neurology / neurosurgery and general surgery deaths.(2) Up to 7,500 patients have already been treated, some of them going to the North or Britain for procedures including neurosurgery and plastic surgery.(3) These techniques sometimes require the input of other surgical disciplines such as neurosurgery and cardiothoracic surgery.(4) In this unit, care is primarily provided for all surgical patients except those who have undergone cardiac surgery or neurosurgery .(5) Heparin also is used to treat arterial and venous clotting and prevent formation of venous clots in patients who require neurosurgery or orthopedic surgery and in trauma cases.(6) Staff members prepared cardiac, vascular, neurosurgical , orthopedic, cystoscopy, and laparoscopic trays, depending on which area they were working in on a given day.(7) Two years earlier while living in another city, she underwent an anterior cervical laminectomy by a neurosurgeon .(8) There are 30 percent fewer neurosurgeons in Pennsylvania than in 1998, according to the neurosurgical specialty society.(9) On the morning of surgery, the patient is transported by wheelchair from the neurosurgical ward to the preoperative area for placement of the stereotactic frame.(10) Hetzel mentored new nurses and students in multiple areas of practice (eg, medical, nursing, surgical technologist) and specialized in neurosurgical procedures.(11) In all cases, the neurosurgeon had to be uncertain about the relative benefits of neurosurgery or conservative treatment.(12) These images allowed the neurosurgeon to plan the surgical approach and minimize the incision.(13) In particular, the surgical technique allows the neurosurgeon to test the site for producing the lesion and test whether it is correct.(14) Most children are referred by their pediatrician to a pediatric neurosurgeon for possible neurosurgical intervention when a deformity progresses or fails to improve spontaneously.(15) Critically ill patients and patients undergoing major surgery, such as cardiovascular or neurosurgical procedures, often require arterial cannulation.