(1) When was the last time that you met an American-born person suffering from rickets, scurvy, beriberi, pellagra , or any other disease caused entirely by malnutrition.(2) Severe deficiency of vitamin B - 6 may lead to pellagra , a neurological illness with features of dementia.(3) Inadequate amounts of this vitamin cause a disease called pellagra , which is characterized by skin disorders, weak muscles, diarrhea, and loss of appetite.(4) But due to peasant resistance and initiative, maize became the primary crop, supporting grain and livestock production and providing the peasant's major food, a dependence that later produced the scourge of pellagra .(5) There, in the camp, he almost died of hunger, developed dystrophy and pellagra , and almost lost his central vision.(6) A 67 year old Zambian woman presented to our mission hospital with diarrhoea, dementia, and dermatitis, which are the classic features of pellagra .(7) His work on pellagra saved thousands of lives.(8) Nongovernment organizations have initiated public health programs such as the Rockefeller Foundation which undertook eradication of pellagra and hookworm.(9) He is best known for his work on the disease pellagra, the ‘scourge of the south,’ in which he discovered that the cause of pellagra was a dietary insufficiency, later identified as vitamin B niacin.(10) The cutaneous changes were among the first symptoms of pellagra to appear in anorexia nervosa patients.(11) The occurrence of pellagra started to be associated from the mid 1700s with a poor diet of maize-meal without meat or milk in different parts of the world, and this link was still occurring in the US well into the twentieth century.(12) Those highly dependent on corn as a food might develop pellagra and this chronic disease, causing dermatitis, diarrhea, and ultimately dementia, battered the population of European corn growing regions during the nineteenth century.(13) The severe symptoms, depression, dermatitis and diarrhea, are associated with the condition known as pellagra .(14) Deficiency leads to pellagra , a condition characterized by dermatitis, diarrhea and certain mental health problems.(15) In 1902, the American South was swept with an epidemic of pellagra (a niacin and tryptophan deficiency).(16) A deficiency of niacin causes the disease pellagra .