(1) Ataturk also outlawed the traditional fez , a brimless, cone-shaped, red hat and made brimmed felt hats mandatory, because with them on men could not touch their foreheads to the ground in prayer.(2) Thus the Bulgarian state targeted the observable markers of Muslim manhood: the fez (a type of hat) and the practice of circumcision.(3) In rural areas, men may still wear the fez , a traditional Turkish cap, and a colorful cloth belt.(4) Arabic influences are strong, especially along the coast where the fez (a type of hat) and turban are commonplace.(5) It is difficult for us to see any reason why a Jew may not wear his yarmulke in court, a Sikh his turban, a Muslim woman her chador, or a Moor his fez .(6) The fez , the red cap worn by many Turks, conveyed social standing and, because it lacked a brim, made it possible for its wearer to touch the ground with his forehead when saying prayers.(7) He abolished the Arabic script, made the Turks abandon the fez and turban for Western hats, stripped the veils from the faces of Turkish women and even accepted that those who were nominally Muslim had a right to drink alcohol.(8) Traditionally, older men wore breeches, a cummerbund, a striped shirt, a vest, and even a fez , a hat that was usually red.(9) Men wear the shirwal (baggy black pants that fit at the shin), high black boots, white blousy shirts, dark vests, and a fez .(10) He had to wear a uniform: A fez with a tassel on it and a baggy suit of many colors.(11) The traditional headgear for Moroccan men is the fez , named after the Moroccan city of the same name.(12) The shape in those days was that of a Turkish fez , something like that of the confections later known as sultanes.(13) But both in their time were seen as symbols of opposition to the modern Turkish state; the fez because of its links to the old Ottoman empire, the headscarf because of its symbolism of Islamic piety.(14) When the fez was banned and the Panama hat went out of fashion, the veil was turned into a signifier for the supposed incommensurability between Islam and modern nationhood.(15) He wore a black achkan and a red fez with a black tassel, and was amazingly dignified.(16) On the way back I passed an old man riding a motorcycle, wearing a blue plaid lungi, dingy white shirt, and a tall red fez with a black tassel.